Job safety analysis(JSA) also referred to as job hazard analysis is the process that involves analyzing a given job in order to identify the risks involved and establish how to control them. According to job safety analysis, every step in any job is exposed to certain dangers that must be identified and their various measures recommended as well. It is always advisable to establish potential dangers in your place of work before you they result to problems.
There are a number of steps that one should follow when preparing a job hazard analysis. The steps involved in the job should first be identified. This helps you to clearly understand what the job is all about. The job safety analysis may be hard to follow if the steps are way too detailed and therefore one should avoid doing so. Secondly, one should identify the different types of hazards that may be associated with every step. In this step think of how every way that things could go wrong.
These hazards could be due to the people themselves, the environment or the materials they used when working. There are other factors that may help you establish potential hazards as well. Legislation requirements, equipment instructions from the manufacturer and how past injuries were caused are among other factors that one can consider so as to establish these hazards. For every hazard, controls are determined and this is what the third step involves. Through controls dangers are completely done away with or the risk of injury reduced.
A good job hazard can be developed through the three steps explained. The next step is all about letting your workers know about the job hazard analysis. Make sure that workers have knowledge of the JSA and evaluate it with them. This will create awareness and also help your workers to identify what is required of them. In this step, workers can feel free to raise their concerns. By following this step then the JSA is likely to be effective.
Changes may be made to the JSA due to changes in the working conditions around the workplace and this should be discussed with the workers as well.
You should ensure that the person conducting the analysis is competent enough. This is because a competent analyst has idea and knowledge of hazards that should be identified and their suitable recommendations as well. It is only with the help of a good JSA that costs that may be incurred due to damages caused by the hazards can be minimized or avoided. A JSA will also help guarantee your workers that they are safe and they will therefore work comfortably and increase the general output of the organization.
Every organization should therefore follow these steps in order to conduct an effective JSA.